Autobiography. Jobs. Future career
Leaving Examination Topic #19
- životopis - údaje o sobě, studiu, koníčcích, dovednostech
- denní program - všední den a víkend
- mimoškolní aktivity a koníčky - obecně a moje
- future plans – mé plány do budoucna (představy o dalším studiu, zaměstnání, cestování, rodině atd.)
- jobs - druhy povolání, výhody a nevýhody
- problémy zaměstnanosti a nezaměstnanosti
- The first thing I remember was ...
- My favourite toy was ...
- I used to ...
- I went to primary school when I was ...
- The school was ...
- I wore ...
- I felt ...
- I enjoyed ...
- I went to secondary school when I was ...
- The school was ...
- My friends were ...
- I was interested in ...
- Will you have a partner?
- What will your partner be like?
- What kind of personality will he/she have?
- What kind of home will you live in?
- What will your home look like? Where? How big? How many rooms?
- What kind of furniture will you have?
- Will you be close to your parents and family?
- Will you have children of your own?
- Will money be important to you?
- How much money will you need?
- How much money will you have?
Common Job Interview Questions
- Interviewer Questions:
- Why would you like to work here?
- Do you have experience of this type of work?
- What skills and experience could you bring to the job?
- How well do you work with other people?
- Could you tell me why you left your last job?
- What are your plans for the future?
- Who could we contact for a reference?
- Could you tell me about your hobbies and interests?
- Candidate /Interviewee Questions
- Could you tell me more about the job?
- Is there a dress code?
- Who would I be working with?
- Employees are people who are employed by others and paid for their work
- There are two basic kinds of work:
- blue-collar workers - people who work manually or operate machines
- white-collar workers - people who perform various office jobs (mostly administrative)
- Working hours can be:
- fixed - it means e. g. from 7am to 3pm
- Employees can be divided into - wage workers (=wage earners) and salary workers (= wage takers).
- There can be various extra pay for working overtime or at weekends.
- bonuses - if the firm has good results
- commission (provize) - if the sales targets are reached
- benefits - sick leave, holidays, free food, live-in accommodation, health clubs and others
- Nowadays a wage or salary can be sent electronically to the credit of each employee's personal account
- Contract of Employment
- The contract of employment is a bilateral legal act.
- It is a framework for the realization of all the rights and obligations.
- The partners are the employee and the employer (usually a juristic person = organization)
- The contract contains:
- kind of work
- the place of work
- the date of taking up work
- other conditions like the pay,job benefits, qualifications improvement, shorter working time etc
Starting and finishing work
- there are various forms to start work:
- to employ somebody means to give them a job.
- take on this means to hire or employ someone (at the beginning of their period of employment).
- there are also various forms how to finish work:
- fire or sack
- it means that a boss makes someone leave their job, because they have done something wrong or bad (they were caught sleeping at work)
- quit to leave your job through your own choice; to resign.
- to be made redundant to lose your job because the company no longer needs the type of work you do.
- fire or sack
- gaffer - a slang word for boss, often used in manual labour.
- line manager - your immediate boss, who is not usually the boss of the whole company.
- co-worker - somebody you work with, usually doing jobs of equal pay and status.
- freelancer - a person who works as a writer, designer, performer etc., selling work or services by the hour, day, job, etc., instead of working regularly for just one employer.
Looking for Jobs
- People looking for jobs or organizations looking for employees can choose from the following possibilities:
- to place a job advertisement
- to answer a job advertisement
- to use services of a recruitment agency (náborová kancelář)
- to use direct contacts
- to register with a job centre
- to send an unsolicited application
- For people looking for jobs, the most practical way of answering an advertisement is to send an application with the CV to the prospective employer. There they must describe their own abilities and qualifications for the job - both theoretical and practical.
- In the free market economy the quantity and kind of labour depend on the ups and downs of the whole economy
- Unemployment can be caused by modernization (using inforamtuion technology), restructuring, integration, or leaning down companies (zeštíhlování)
- Being unemployment doesn't have only a direct economic impact on the jobless people and their families, but is also psychologically depressive