• poloha, počet obyvatel
  • základní zeměpisné údaje (ostrovy, moře, řeky ...)
  • města + zajímavá místa v nich (umět s mapou)
  • zajímavosti o dané zemi (Canada - dřevo, jezera, grizzly, Australia - zvířata, korálové útesy, New Zealand - příroda, zvířata, bungee jumping)
  • základní informace o ekonomice

Canada

[Obrázek]

  • area: 9,976,139 sq km
  • population: 36 million (2017) - the majority of European origin, 300,000 North American Indians, 19,000 Inuit (=Eskimo)
  • capital: Ottawa (1 mil.)
  • other towns: Montréal (2 mil.), Quebec - French speaking part of Canada, Calgary, Toronto – the biggest city (3 mil.), Edmonton, Vancouver, Halifax
  • currency: Canadian dollar = 100 cents
  • languages: English (about 70%), French (20%), the rest are bilingual and others
  • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General
  • Canada is the second largest country in the world (after Russia).
  • The Cordilleras - is made up of the Rocky Mountains, the Coast Mountains and other parts. The highest peak is Mount Logan (6,050 m high), Appalachian Mountains, Canadian Shield
  • lakes: Great Lakes = Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, and Lake Ontario (between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario there are Niagara Falls), others are Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, Lake Winnipeg
  • rivers: the St. Lawrence River, the Mackenzie, the Yukon
  • Dominion of Canada on July, 1st, 1867
  • 10 provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan) and 3 territories (Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory, Nunavut – since 2001, it used to be a part of the Northwest Territory)
  • Canada is a member of G-8 (the Group of Eight).
  • Canada is enormously rich in sources of raw materials (the first place in the world in mining of uranium and zinc; produces the biggest amount of paper for newspapers)
  • Canada is one of the leading countries in agriculture (wheat)

Australia

[Obrázek]

  • area: 7,686,848 sq km
  • population: 24 million (2017), 98% white – Caucasians (mostly of British origin), 228,000 Aborigines
  • capital: Canberra
  • other cities: Sydney (4.7 mil.), Melbourne (4.4 mil.), Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth
  • currency: Australian dollar = 100 cents
  • languages: English (official), Aboriginal languages
  • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General
  • Australia is the Earth's smallest continent. Its nearest neighbour is New Guinea from which Australia is separated by 85km wide Torres Strait. Along the east coast we can see the Great Barrier Reef, which is the biggest coral reef on the Earth.
  • island: Tasmania
  • mountains: the Australian Cordilleras, the Australian Alps with the highest mountain Mt. Kosciusko (2,230 m high)
  • surface: the Great Western Plateau, the Great Sandy Desert, the Great Victoria Desert
  • lakes: Lake Eyre, Lake Torres
  • rivers: the Murray - Darling
  • The Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed on 1 January 1901
  • Australia belongs to the highly developed countries in the world.
  • agriculture: sheep, wool, wheat
  • industry: mineral sources (coal, iron, bauxite - the first in the world)
  • typical animals not to seen in other parts of the world: kangaroo, koala bear etc.

New Zealand

[Obrázek]

  • area: 268,675 sq km
  • population: 4.7 million (2017), European (mostly British) 87%, Polynesian (mostly Maori) 12%
  • capital: Wellington
  • other towns: Auckland, Christchurch
  • currency: New Zealand dollar = 100 cents
  • languages: English (official), Maori
  • head of state: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General
  • the main islands , the North and the South, are separated by narrow Cook Strait
  • around the coast there are lowlands, the country is mainly hilly (the highest peak is Mt. Cook - 3,764 m high)
  • hot springs and volcanoes
  • independence was formally accepted in 1947
  • it is one of the leading farming countries in the world (sheep, cattle) - it is said there are more sheep than people. It has good mineral resources and is among the highly developed countries of the world
  • it is the craddle of bungee jumping
  • beautiful countryside is often used for making films - one of the most famous was The Lord of the Rings. Tourists can visit the places of making the film.