Course of the year
Leaving Examination Topic #11
- charakteristika počasí v jednotlivých obdobích
- charakteristika přírody v jednotlivých obdobích
- svátky - vánoce, velikonoce
- české svátky
- anglické svátky - patroni
- americké svátky - Thanksgiving, Halloween
- oblíbené roční období
The Czech Republic has a moderate continental climate.
A year is divided into four seasons: spring, summer, autumn (fall), and winter.
- Spring begins on 21 March. Nature begins to awake from the long winter sleep and new life begins. The first flowers appear: snowdrop, snowflakes, tulips, dandelions, daffodils. Some birds come back from the south (swallows, starlings, cuckoos). The weather is changeable - warm and cold, sun and clouds, snow and rain.
- Summer begins on 21 June. Especially schoolchildren love this season because of two-month holiday. Temperature rise to 25 Centigrade or more. In summer rain often comes in the form of a storm (sometimes with cloudburst or hailing). Summer is time for strawberries, cherries, raspberries and the harvest of corn, too. People like swimming, playing some sports like volleyball or football, going to nature etc.
- Autumn begins on 23 September. The nice weather breaks, sometimes we can enjoy Indian summer (babí léto).The trees lose their leaves and everything starts preparing for winter sleep. For many people it is a very sad and depressive season.
- Winter begins on 21 December, but cold and winter weather is much sooner. Typical winter weather brings snowfall, icy wind and hard frosts. Children like sledging, skiing, building snowmen, sliding or skating and playing ice-hockey.
Holidays and Feast days
- New Year Day - January 1
- St. Valentine's Day - February 14. It is lovers' day. On this day young people send Valentine cards each other.
- St. David's Day - March 1 - the patron of Wales
- St. Patrick's Day - March 17 - the patron of Ireland. Everything must be green!
- All Fool's Day - April 1
- Easter - Christian feast. It commemorates Jesus' crucifixion and the Resurrection of Jesus. In Britain it is celebrated on Easter Sunday. Everything is decorated with the symbols of new life - small chicken, lambs, and eggs.
- St. George's Day - April 23 - the patron of England
- Mother's Day - second Sunday in May
- The Queen's Official Birthday - Saturday after June 9
- Father's Day - third Sunday in June
- Independence Day - July 4
- Columbus Day - October 12 - the anniversary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus in 1492
- Halloween - October 31 - it is a memory of dead people. Children celebrate it by dressing up in Halloween costumes with mask over their faces (the masks of witches and ghosts).
- Guy Fawkes Day - November 5 - the anniversary of the gun power plot in 1605, now it is celebrated with bonfires, fireworks and the burning of guys.
- Thanksgiving Day - fourth Thursday in November - national holiday in the USA and Canada, first celebrated in 1621 by the Pilgrim settlers on their first harvest. Traditional meal is turkey, sweet potatoes, pumpkin pie. For many American families it is more important holiday (it is not connected with the religion as Christmas)
- St. Andrew's Day - November 30 - the patron of Scotland
- Christmas - December 25 (in our country Dec 24 - it is Christmas Eve in the English speaking countries - party day). In the morning children unwrap their presents and gifts which are under the Christmas tree or in their Christmas stocking.
- New Year's Eve - December 31 - people stay up till midnight to see the old year out and drink to the New Year. In Scotland people celebrate this day more than Christmas - they call it Hogmanay. At midnight they sing a song "Auld Lang Syne".