Family life. Relations
Leaving Examination Topic #18
- I was born on ... in ...
- My mother's name is ...
- and my father's name is ...
- We live at/in ...
- The first thing I remember was ...
- When I was younger there were some changes in my family:
- ... was born
- ... died
- ... got married
- ... got divorced
- The most interesting member of our family is/was ... because he/she ...
- Problems in our family are ...
- they are caused by ...
- Time we spend together ...
- moje rodina - vyjmenovat členy vaší rodiny - jméno, stručně popis, povahové vlastnosti a záliby, povolání
- rodinné vztahy
- typická rodina
- problémy rodiny - rozvodovost, zaměstnanost, péče o děti
- srovnání rodiny současné a před 100 lety
- rodinná péče u nás a v ESC
- svátky v naší rodině
- age: baby, toddler, aged ten, youngster, teenager, adult, look thirty, under forty, over fifty, middle aged, elderly person
- height: tall, medium height, short, small
- figure: slim, slender, very thin, skinny, a neat figure, be medium built, plump, full-figured, be overweight, fat, stout, giant, dwarf, well-proportioned, have an athletic build, broad shoulders
- good looks: beautiful, pretty, cute, attractive, charming, gorgeous, good-looking, handsome, elegant, romantic, look like a sportsman, sexy, have above average looks
- hair: long (to the shoulders), short, straight, wavy, curly, permed, fringe, chignon, loose, pony-tail, plait, light, fair, blond, dark, auburn, red/ginger, grey, greyish, tinted, beard, side beards, moustache, bald headed
- face: round, oval, angular, soft features, nondescript, wrinkled, freckles
- expression: sly look, bold, look cheerful, gloomy, sad, grim, solemn face, giggle, chuckle, frown
- cheeks: plump, hollow, protruding cheek-bones
- eyes: blue-eyed, deep blue, dark, hazel, sparkling
- nose: straight, hooked, aquiline, snub
- mouth: wide, small, narrow, sensual lips, even teeth (vyrovnané zuby)
- voice: shrill, faint, husky, harsh, mumble
- skin complexion: pale, tanned, dark
- defects: wear glasses, contact lenses, a brace, cross-eyed, short-sighted, blind, deaf, and dumb, stammer, lisp, lame
- temperament: optimist, pessimist, emotional, moody, touchy, nervy, good/bad tempered, warm-hearted, calm, quiet, lively, jolly, cheerful, pleasant, hesitating, sad, neurotic, furious, silent, talkative, get irritated easily, have a sense of humour, humorous, be fond of gossip
- attitude to people: im/polite, tactful, amiable, helpful, un/friendly, sociable, nice, kind, sensitive to people's shortcomings, in/tolerant, entertaining,, shy, tender, considerate, trusting, un/faithful, hospitable, calculating, sympathetic, rude, cruel, mean, generous
- attitude to morals: dis/honest, mischievous, open, sincere, frank, hypocrite, liar, principled
- attitude to work: dutiful, consistent, precise, punctual, lazy, keen to/on, neglect one's duty, hard working, careful, careless, tidy
- talents, abilities: well educated, intelligent, clever, bright/smart, attentive, ingenious, wise, witty, practical, reasonable, sensible, curious, dull, foolish, silly, stupid
- will: independent, ir/resolute, dis/obedient, brave, lack will, naughty, self-controlled, im/patient
- attitude to oneself: self-confident, conceited, proud, modest, underestimating, un/selfish, egoistic, vain, stubborn, self-centred, snobbish, choosy, boast, show off
The British and American families
The most common type of household in England, Scotland and Wales today is two people, either married or living together, without children.
When British and American people use the word family they often mean only a mother, father and their children = nuclear family. The extended family = other members of families – grandparents, aunts, uncles etc.
Many families are disturbed each year as a result of divorce. In the US about half of all married couples get divorced. In Britain the divorce rate has more than doubled since the 1980s. Many children are brought up in single-parent families (= families in which children are looked after by their mother or father, not both).
Some children are adopted or fostered (= looked after by another family for a period of time).
Family loyalty is still important, and many people feel they have a duty to care for members of their family when they need it. But it is not part of British or American culture for old people to live with younger members of their family. Most elderly people live in heir own homes, and when they cannot care for themselves, move into an old people's home or a nursing home.