Leaving Examination Topic #15
- denní jídla u nás a v ESC
- typická snídaně
- hlavní jídlo
- stravování v restauraci
- typické pokrmy jednotlivých zemí
- moje oblíbené jídlo
- diety + veganství, vegetariánství, anorexie, bulimie
Eating habits: breakfast, elevenses (a morning snack), lunch, tea, dinner, supper
- breakfast: cup of coffee or tea, a roll or a slice of bread, some cheese, salami, or a cake. Some people have for breakfast: glass of juice, cereal (usually cornflakes with milk or yogurt, or porridge). In England there was a typical breakfast - fried or grilled bacon and eggs, sausages and grill tomatoes or spicy beans in tomato sauce( now in hotels) and toasts with marmalade
- elevenses: in the middle of the morning - usually cup of coffee and biscuits, sometimes, often at weekends - they have brunch (breakfast and lunch together)
- lunch: is usually fairly light. Lunch often consists of a hot dish (soup), a salad, ham and cheese sandwiches, pizza, hamburgers, and a dessert.
The Czech midday meal is the main meal of the day (the English would call it dinner then) - at home, in canteens, cafeterias, restaurants.
- soups: bouillon, clear (beef, chicken, vegetable, with liver-balls), potato, tripe, fish, cream of mushroom, cauliflower, tomato
- main dish: Czech - roast pork with dumplings or potato dumplings (dumplings are a speciality of the Czech cuisine. They are of various kinds. The so-called BREAD DUMPLINGS are often eaten with meat. They are made from dough consisting of flour, milk, or water, egg yolks, yeast and hard bread cut up into cubes) and cabbage or sauerkraut. Other Czech meals are: Vienna steak with potatoes, goulash, fruit dumplings (with plums, apricots, cherries) with cottage cheese. Czech beer or any of the soft drinks are served with it.
- hot dinner: is served around at 7- it may have three courses: soup or some other starter, main course, dessert. In the U. K. beef and mutton or lamb are much more favoured than pork. As a dessert they may have fruit, fruit salad, fruit pie, fruit cake, pudding, and jelly with cream or ice cream.
The Czech evening meal is not so nutritious if people have a hot meal at midday. It may be some cold meat, salami, ham, cheese, eggs, bread or rolls and some vegetables. Some people prefer a hot meal too. They may have pancakes, potato pancakes, pizza, goulash, risotto or pasta with meat sauce.
- Christmas - Czech: fish soup, fried carp and potato salad, apple strudel and home made sweets.
- New Year's Day - there is a superstition about dinner - you should not have any poultry on that day, otherwise you will miss your good luck in the next year
- Christmas - ESC: roast turkey with chestnut stuffing, potatoes, Christmas pudding and mince pies as a sweet.
- Vegetarianism - a relatively well-balanced diet which includes vegetables, milk, dairy products and eggs. Meat and its derivatives are excluded
- Veganism - a diet based exclusively on vegetable products
- Macrobiotic - all food which maintains its original nutritional content and organic form, such as wholemeal cereal and rice. All processed and conserved food is banned
- Fruitarian - a person who eats only fruits grown on trees and bushes, including tomatoes and peppers. Vegetables such as potatoes, carrots and lettuces, which are dug up from the ground, are forbidden
- Health problems connected with anorexia and bulimia diets.
- A meal is an instance of eating, specifically one that takes place at a specific time and includes specific, prepared food.
- Meals are served at home, restaurants, and cafeterias.
- Meals are usually held in conjunction with such special occasions as birthdays, weddings, and anniversaries.
- A picnic is an outdoor meal where one brings one's food, such as a sandwich or a prepared meal in a picnic basket. It often takes place in a natural or recreative area, such as a park, forest, or beach. On long drives a picnic may take place at a road-side stop such as a rest area.
- A banquet is a large, often formal, and elaborate meal with many guests.
A multi-course meal
A modern multi-course meal will typically consist of several of the following meal courses, as well as suitable beverages to fit the course being served:
- appetizer with 1st wine, typically a white wine
- main course with 2nd wine, typically a red wine
- dessert with a dessert wine
- after-dinner coffee with liqueur, brandy, cognac or grappa
- fruit and cheese
There may be drinks and snacks served both before and after the meal.
The order of the courses depends on local custom - tradition, customs and etiquette varies from country to county, as well as within countries, based on such factors as regional differences, social class, education, and religion. People must be careful about it.
Examples of different customs and traditions
- Food in some cultures is eaten from individual plates or bowls, while in other cultures people eat from a common one. Even where people tend to eat from individual plates, there may be exceptions, as in the case of some small pieces of food that can be held in the hand easily, such as cookies or some snack foods, where it is common to eat from a common plate, biscuit tin, or similar container.
- different cultures might have different rules for eating the same item. In the USA people eat sausages in a bun, or with a knife and fork, while in some countries in Europe sausages are held between the fingers while being eaten.
- in some cultures, it is considered proper to wait until everyone is seated before starting to eat, while in other cultures it is not an issue.
- in some cultures it is considered proper to wait for the host to give the command before guests sit at the table for a meal, while in other cultures there are different rules.
- in some religions, people pray or read aloud from a religious text before and possibly also after eating. In diverse, religiously mixed company where some people might want to pray, and others might not, it may be proper etiquette to allow for a short time of silence allowing those who want to do so, the chance to pray.
Standard meals eaten on a daily basis have different names depending on the time of day or the importance of the meal:
- Breakfast is usually eaten within an hour or two after a person wakes up in the morning.
- Lunch is a midday meal.
- Brunch is a late-morning meal, usually larger than a breakfast and usually replacing both breakfast and lunch.
- Tea is usually a mid-afternoon meal consisting of light fare with tea. In parts of the UK, Australia and New Zealand, tea may refer to the evening meal (dinner).
- Dunch is a mid-afternoon meal, usually replacing both lunch and dinner as the main, or even only, meal of the day.
- Supper is usually an evening meal.
- Dinner can be at any time of the afternoon or evening and denotes the main meal of the day; sometimes it is at lunchtime and sometimes at suppertime.
List of eating utensils
This is a list of eating and serving utensils:
- food wraps e.g. pita, tortillas, chapattis, etc