New York. Washington
Leaving Examination Topic #23
- Washington, D.C., is the capital city of the United States of America.
- D.C. stands for the District of Columbia, the federal district containing the city of Washington.
- the city is named after George Washington, military leader of the American Revolution and the first President of the United States.
- the city has a total area of 177sq km
Washington is surrounded by the states of Virginia (on its western side) and Maryland (on its southeast, northeast, and northwest sides); it interrupts those states' common border, which is the Potomac River.
- rivers - the Potomac River, the Anacostia River, and Rock Creek
- Washington, D.C. includes Theodore Roosevelt Island, Columbia Island, the Three Sisters, and Hains Point.
- the city's population is about 700,000 inhabitants, in 1800 (the beginning) it had 8,144 inhabitants
Landmarks and Museums
- Washington is home to numerous national landmarks and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States.
- The National Mall is a large, open area in the centre with many monuments to American leaders
- in the centre of the Mall is the Washington Monument.
- other interesting points near the Mall include the Jefferson Memorial, Lincoln Memorial, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, National World War II Memorial, Korean War Veterans Memorial, Vietnam Veterans Memorial, the District of Columbia War Memorial and the Albert Einstein Memorial.
- The world famous Smithsonian Institution is located in the District.
- it is a collection of museums that includes e. g. National Air and Space Museum, National Museum of American History, National Museum of the American Indian, National Museum of Natural History, National Portrait Gallery, National Postal Museum, or the National Zoo.
- The Library of Congress and the National Archives house thousands of documents covering every period in American history. Some of the more notable documents in the National Archives include the Declaration of Independence, Constitution and Bill of Rights.
- there are famous universities: George Washington University, Georgetown University and Washington Hospital Center
New York City
- The city is divided up into five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island
- It has a population of 8.5 million within a land area of 321 square miles (830 sq km)
- The population of the New York metropolitan area is 18.7 million, which means that it is one of the largest urban areas in the world.
- European settlement began with the founding of the Dutch fur trading settlement, later called New Amsterdam on the southern tip of Manhattan in 1614.
- In 1664, the British conquered the city and renamed it New York after the English Duke of York and Albany.
- New York City was the seat of the government under the Articles of Confederation from 1785 until 1788, and then the capital of the newly-formed United States from 1788 to 1790.
- The city was one of the sites of the September 11, 2001 attacks, when nearly 3,000 people were killed in the destruction of the city's tallest buildings, the World Trade Center.
- The Freedom Tower, intended to be exactly 1,776 feet tall (a number symbolic of the year the Declaration of Independence was written), is to be built on the site and is slated for completion by 2012.
Parts of NYC
- Manhattan is the business centre of the city and the entire USA. It is the most densely populated, and the home of most of the city's skyscrapers and famous landmarks.
- The Bronx is known as the birthplace of hip-hop culture, as well as the home of the New York Yankees and the largest cooperatively owned housing complex in the United States, Co-op City.
- Brooklyn is the most populous borough, was until 1898 an independent city and has a strong native identity. It also features a long beachfront and Coney Island, famous as one of the earliest amusement grounds in the country.
- Queens is geographically the largest borough. It is home to the New York Mets, two of the region's three major airports, and Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, site of the 1939 and 1964 World's Fairs and tennis' US Open.
- Staten Island is the most suburban in character of the five boroughs.
- 40 million foreign and American tourists visit New York City each year.
- Major destinations include the Empire State Building, the Statue of Liberty, Broadway productions, scores of museums, the Bronx Zoo and New York Botanical Garden, luxury shopping along Fifth and Madison Avenues, and events such as the Halloween Parade in Greenwich Village and the Tribeca Film Festival.
- New York City has 113 sq km of parkland and 14 miles (22 km) of public beaches.
- Manhattan's Central Park, designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, is the most visited city park in the United States.
- Prospect Park in Brooklyn, also designed by Olmsted and Vaux, has a 360,000 sqm meadow.
- Flushing Meadows Park in Queens is the city's third largest
- The New York City Subway is one of the largest subway systems in the world.
- New York City's public bus fleet and vast commuter rail network are the largest in North America.
- The rail network, which connects the suburbs in the tri-state region to the city, has more than 250 stations and 20 rail lines. the two busiest rail stations in the United States are Penn Station and Grand Central Terminal, both in Manhattan.
- Three major airports are in New York: John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) and LaGuardia Airport (LGA), both in Queens, and Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) in nearby Newark, New Jersey.